Pakistan and India have increased their nuclear arsenals in the last four years, according to a new report by the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI).
The regional rivals have kept pace with each other’s increases with Pakistan maintaining an arsenal of 120 nuclear warheads to India’s 110; up from 90 and 80 in 2010.
The SIPRI report also claims that both countries have not only developed new systems capable of delivering nuclear weapons in recent years but have also expanded their respective production capabilities for fissile material.
The data compiled by the SIPRI shows that at the start of 2014, the nine nuclear armed states – United States, Russia, United Kingdom, France, China, India, Pakistan, Israel and North Korea – together possessed approximately 16 300, nuclear warheads, while the number of active/deployed nuclear weapons was around 4000.
SIPRI said that whilst the US and Russia have steadily decreased their arsenals under various disarmament deals, other nations, including Israel and the South Asian powers have made increases.
It further claims that all five legally recognised nuclear weapon states — China, France, Russia, UK and USA — are either deploying new nuclear weapon delivery systems or have announced programmes to do so.
“Once again this year, the nuclear weapon-possessing states took little action to indicate a genuine willingness to work toward complete dismantlement of their nuclear arsenals. The long term modernisation programmes under way in these states suggest their views that nuclear weapons will remain deeply embedded elements of their strategic calculus,” said SIPRI Researchers Shannon Kile and Phillip Patton Schell.