55 Sikhs were arrested at a Gurdwara in Leamington Spa on Sunday after they had entered the temple armed with knives.
The men were arrested on suspicion of aggravated trespass and a large number of bladed weapons were seized, according to local police.
The force later confirmed that the majority of these were Kirpans – the ceremonial knife worn by Sikhs.
A spokesman for Warwickshire Police said: “Officers responded to an initial report a group of masked men, initially thought to be around 20 in number, forcing their way into the Gurdwara Temple. These were reported to be carrying a range of bladed items, some of which were initially described as not being for ceremonial use. Officers assessed the situation and responded accordingly.
A statement from Sikh Youth UK said local Sikh youths were peacefully protesting against an interfaith marriage that was to be carried out as a Sikh marriage at the temple.
Last year a resolution saying that interfaith couples could not have a Sikh marriage in a Gurdwara was approved at meeting called by the Sikh Council UK and represented by 300 Sikh organisations, Sikh Youth UK said.
Sunday’s protest was an example of a “rogue Gurdwara committee creating discord among the UK Sikh diaspora”, it added.
The statement read: “We are deeply saddened by the way in which the Leamington Gurdwara committee have conducted themselves.
“Local Sikh youth attended the early morning prayers at the Gurdwara and began a sit down peaceful protest by reciting prayers. Seeing that the youth were traditionally dressed and carrying their Kirpans, as Sikhs all over the world do, the committee called the police and falsely reported that “armed men” had taken over the Gurdwara.
“This kind of behaviour alienates Sikh youth from trusting such Gurdwara committees’ ability to resolve the issue an amicable and mature way.
A cordon was put in place around the temple in Tachbrook Drive at around 6.45am on Sunday.
Eyewitness Perry Phillips, 53, of Leamington Spa, said he believed the protest was against a “mixed marriage ceremony”.
“I was a bit surprised, very surprised,” he added. “I could see at the entrance to the Gurdwara a lot of people were outside but it was peaceful, there was no shouting or anything. “It seemed like a peaceful protest.
“There’s a big Sikh community in Leamington Spa and a lot of people were turning up.”
Superintendent David Gardner said earlier on Sunday that the “contained” incident was “an escalation of a local dispute”.
He added:”Over the coming days we will be working with local the Sikh community to address some of the ongoing issues that have culminated in today’s events.
“We would like to thank local people for their patience while we dealt with this incident.” Police later said: “Having contained the situation, it became apparent that there were 55 masked men involved all of whom were arrested on suspicion of aggravated trespass.”